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# Custom Variable Mass 6DOF (Euler Angles)

Implement Euler angle representation of six-degrees-of-freedom equations of motion of custom variable mass

## Library

Equations of Motion/6DOF

## Description

The Custom Variable Mass 6DOF (Euler Angles) block considers the rotation of a body-fixed coordinate frame (Xb , Yb , Zb) about a flat Earth reference frame (Xe , Ye , Ze). The origin of the body-fixed coordinate frame is the center of gravity of the body, and the body is assumed to be rigid, an assumption that eliminates the need to consider the forces acting between individual elements of mass. The flat Earth reference frame is considered inertial, an excellent approximation that allows the forces due to the Earth's motion relative to the "fixed stars" to be neglected.

The translational motion of the body-fixed coordinate frame is given below, where the applied forces [Fx Fy Fz]T are in the body-fixed frame. Vreb is the relative velocity in the body axes at which the mass flow ( ) is ejected or added to the body-fixed axes.

The rotational dynamics of the body-fixed frame are given below, where the applied moments are [L M N]T, and the inertia tensor I is with respect to the origin O.

The relationship between the body-fixed angular velocity vector, [p q r]T, and the rate of change of the Euler angles, , can be determined by resolving the Euler rates into the body-fixed coordinate frame.

Inverting J then gives the required relationship to determine the Euler rate vector.

## Dialog Box

Units

Specifies the input and output units:

Units

Forces

Moment

Acceleration

Velocity

Position

Mass

Inertia

Metric (MKS)

Newton

Newton meter

Meters per second squared

Meters per second

Meters

Kilogram

Kilogram meter squared

English (Velocity in ft/s)

Pound

Foot pound

Feet per second squared

Feet per second

Feet

Slug

Slug foot squared

English (Velocity in kts)

Pound

Foot pound

Feet per second squared

Knots

Feet

Slug

Slug foot squared

Mass Type

Select the type of mass to use:

 Fixed Mass is constant throughout the simulation. Simple Variable Mass and inertia vary linearly as a function of mass rate. Custom Variable Mass and inertia variations are customizable.

The Custom Variable selection conforms to the previously described equations of motion.

Representation

Select the representation to use:

 Euler Angles Use Euler angles within equations of motion. Quaternion Use quaternions within equations of motion.

The Euler Angles selection conforms to the previously described equations of motion.

Initial position in inertial axes

The three-element vector for the initial location of the body in the flat Earth reference frame.

Initial velocity in body axes

The three-element vector for the initial velocity in the body-fixed coordinate frame.

Initial Euler rotation

The three-element vector for the initial Euler rotation angles [roll, pitch, yaw], in radians.

Initial body rotation rates

The three-element vector for the initial body-fixed angular rates, in radians per second.

Include mass flow relative velocity

Select this check box to add a mass flow relative velocity port. This is the relative velocity at which the mass is accreted or ablated.

## Inputs and Outputs

InputDimension TypeDescription
FirstVectorContains the three applied forces.
SecondVectorContains the three applied moments.
Third (Optional)VectorContains one or more rates of change of mass (positive if accreted, negative if ablated).
FourthScalarContains the mass.
Fifth3-by-3 matrixContains the rate of change of inertia tensor matrix.
Sixth3-by-3 matrixContains the inertia tensor matrix.

Seventh (Optional)

Three-element vectorContains one or more relative velocities at which the mass is accreted to or ablated from the body in body-fixed axes.

OutputDimension TypeDescription
FirstThree-element vectorContains the velocity in the flat Earth reference frame.
SecondThree-element vectorContains the position in the flat Earth reference frame.
ThirdThree-element vectorContains the Euler rotation angles [roll, pitch, yaw], in radians.
Fourth3–by-3 matrixContains the coordinate transformation from flat Earth axes to body-fixed axes.
FifthThree-element vectorContains the velocity in the body-fixed frame.
SixthThree-element vectorContains the angular rates in body-fixed axes, in radians per second.
SeventhThree-element vectorContains the angular accelerations in body-fixed axes, in radians per second squared.
EightThree-element vectorContains the accelerations in body-fixed axes.

## Assumptions and Limitations

The block assumes that the applied forces are acting at the center of gravity of the body.

## Reference

Mangiacasale, L., Flight Mechanics of a μ-Airplane with a MATLAB Simulink Helper, Edizioni Libreria CLUP, Milan, 1998.